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Programming language: C++
License: GNU General Public License v3.0 or later
Tags: Networking     E-mail     SMTP     SMTPS    

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README

mailio

mailio is a cross platform C++ library for MIME format and SMTP, POP3 and IMAP protocols. It is based on the standard C++ 17 and Boost library.

Examples

To send a mail, one has to create message object and set it's attributes as author, recipient, subject and so on. Then, an SMTP connection is created by constructing smtp (or smtps) class. The message is sent over the connection:

message msg;
msg.from(mail_address("mailio library", "[email protected]"));
msg.add_recipient(mail_address("mailio library", "[email protected]"));
msg.subject("smtps simple message");
msg.content("Hello, World!");

smtps conn("smtp.gmail.com", 587);
conn.authenticate("[email protected]", "mailiopass", smtps::auth_method_t::START_TLS);
conn.submit(msg);

To receive a mail, a message object is created to store the received message. Mail can be received over POP3 or IMAP, depending of mail server setup. If POP3 is used, then instance of pop3 (or pop3s) class is created and message is fetched:

pop3s conn("pop.mail.yahoo.com", 995);
conn.authenticate("[email protected]", "mailiopass", pop3s::auth_method_t::LOGIN);
message msg;
conn.fetch(1, msg);

Receiving a message over IMAP is analogous. Since IMAP recognizes folders, then one has to be specified, like inbox:

imaps conn("imap.gmail.com", 993);
conn.authenticate("[email protected]", "mailiopass", imap::auth_method_t::LOGIN);
message msg;
conn.fetch("inbox", 1, msg);

More advanced features are shown in examples directory, see below how to compile them.

Note for Gmail users: if 2FA is turned on, then instead of the primary password, the application password must be used. Follow Gmail instructions to add mailio as trusted application and use the generated password for all three protocols.

Note for Zoho users: if 2FA is turned on, then instead of the primary password, the application password must be used. Follow Zoho instructions to add mailio as trusted application and use the generated password for all three protocols.

Requirements

mailio library is supposed to work on all platforms supporting C++ 17 compiler, recent Boost libraries and CMake build tool.

For Linux the following configuration is tested:

  • Ubuntu 20.04.3 LTS.
  • Gcc 8.3.0.
  • Boost 1.66 with Regex, Date Time available.
  • POSIX Threads, OpenSSL and Crypto libraries available on the system.
  • CMake 3.16.3

For FreeBSD the following configuration is tested:

  • FreeBSD 13.
  • Clang 11.0.1.
  • Boost 1.72.0 (port).
  • CMake 3.21.3.

For MacOS the following configuration is tested:

  • Apple LLVM 9.0.0.
  • Boost 1.66.
  • OpenSSL 1.0.2n available on the system.
  • CMake 3.16.3.

For Microsoft Windows the following configuration is tested:

  • Windows 10.
  • Visual Studio 2019 Community Edition.
  • Boost 1.71.0.
  • OpenSSL 1.0.2t.
  • CMake 3.17.3.

For Cygwin the following configuration is tested:

  • Cygwin 3.2.0 on Windows 10.
  • Gcc 10.2.
  • Boost 1.66.
  • CMake 3.20.
  • LibSSL 1.0.2t and LibSSL 1.1.1f development packages.

For MinGW the following configuration is tested:

  • MinGW 17.1 on Windows 10 which comes with the bundled Gcc and Boost.
  • Gcc 9.2.
  • Boost 1.71.0.
  • OpenSSL 1.0.2t.
  • CMake 3.17.3.

Setup

There are two ways to build mailio: by cloning the repo and using Cmake or by using Vcpkg.

CMake

Ensure that OpenSSL, Boost and CMake are in the path. If they are not in the path, one could use CMake options -DOPENSSL_ROOT_DIR and -DBOOST_ROOT to set them. Boost must be built with the OpenSSL support. If it cannot be found in the path, set the path explicitly via library-path and include parameters of b2 script (after bootstrap finishes). Both static and dynamic libraries should be built in the build directory. If one wants to specify non-default installation directory say /opt/mailio, then use the CMake option -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX. Other available options are MAILIO_BUILD_SHARED_LIBRARY (by default is off, if turned on then the shared library is built), MAILIO_BUILD_DOCUMENTATION (if Doxygen documentation is generated, by default is on) and MAILIO_BUILD_EXAMPLES (if examples are built, by default is on).

Linux, FreeBSD, MacOS, Cygwin

From the terminal go into the directory where the library is downloaded to, and execute:

mkdir build
cd ./build
cmake ..
make install

Microsoft Windows/Visual Studio

From the command prompt go into the directory where the library is downloaded, and execute:

mkdir build
cd .\build
cmake ..

A solution file will be built, open it from Visual Studio and build the project.

Microsoft Windows/MinGW

Open the command prompt by using the open_distro_window.bat script, and execute:

mkdir build
cd .\build
cmake.exe .. -G "MinGW Makefiles"
make install

Vcpkg

Install Vcpkg and run:

vcpkg install mailio

Features

  • Recursive formatter and parser of the MIME message.
  • MIME message recognizes the most common headers like subject, recipients, content type and so on.
  • Encodings that are supported for the message body: Seven bit, Eight bit, Binary, Base64 and Quoted Printable.
  • Subject, attachment and name part of the mail address can be in ASCII or UTF-8 format.
  • All media types are recognized, including MIME message embedded within another message.
  • MIME message has configurable line length policy and strict mode for parsing.
  • SMTP implementation with message sending. Both plain and SSL (including START TLS) versions are available.
  • POP3 implementation with message receiving and removal, getting mailbox statistics. Both plain and SSL (including START TLS) versions are available.
  • IMAP implementation with message receiving, removal and search, getting mailbox statistics, managing folders. Both plain and SSL (including START TLS) versions are available.

Issues

The library is tested on valid mail servers, so probably there are negative test scenarios that are not covered by the code. In case you find one, please contact me. Here is a list of issues known so far and planned to be fixed in the future.

  • Non-ASCII attachment name is assumed to be UTF-8.
  • SSL certificate is not verified.
  • SSL version not configurable (v2.3 hardcoded).

Contributors

Contact

In case you find a bug, please drop me a mail to contact (at) alepho.com. Since this is my side project, I'll do my best to be responsive.