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Description

ObjectBox is a superfast cross-platform object-oriented database.

It's best explained via example code. For a task database application, these few lines show CRUD operations (create, read, update, delete):

obx::Box box(store); obx_id id = box.put({.text = "Buy milk"}); // Create std::unique_ptr task = box.get(id); // Read if (task) { task->text += " & some bread"; box.put(*task); // Update box.remove(id); // Delete }

Programming language: C
License: Apache License 2.0
Latest version: v0.18.0

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README

ObjectBox Embedded Database for C and C++

ObjectBox is a superfast C and C++ database for embedded devices (mobile and IoT), desktop and server apps. The out-of-the-box Data Sync keeps data in sync across devices and any kind of backend/cloud reliably for occasionally connected devices. ObjectBox Data Persistence and Data Sync follows an offline-first approach and can be used on-premise as well as with a cloud setup.

This is the ObjectBox runtime library to run ObjectBox as an embedded database in your C or C++ application.

Here's a C++ example that inserts a Task data object (a plain user defined struct) into the database:

obx::Box<Task> box(store);
box.put({.text = "Buy milk"}); 

See ObjectBox C and C++ docs for API details.

Latest version: 0.18.0 (2022-10-31). See [changelog](CHANGELOG.md) for more details.

Table of Contents:

Feature Highlights

🏁 High performance on restricted devices, like IoT gateways, micro controllers, ECUs etc.\ 🪂 Resourceful with minimal CPU, power and Memory usage for maximum flexibility and sustainability\ 🔗 Relations: object links / relationships are built-in\ 💻 Multiplatform: Linux, Windows, Android, iOS, macOS

🌱 Scalable: handling millions of objects resource-efficiently with ease\ 💐 Queries: filter data as needed, even across relations\ 🦮 Statically typed: compile time checks & optimizations\ 📃 Automatic schema migrations: no update scripts needed

And much more than just data persistence\ 👥 ObjectBox Sync: keeps data in sync between devices and servers\ 🕒 ObjectBox TS: time series extension for time based data

Some more technical details:

  • Zero-copy reads for highest possible performance; access tens of millions of objects on commodity hardware
  • Lightweight for smart devices; its binary size is only around 1 MB
  • Direct support for FlatBuffers data objects (aka "flatbuffers table")
  • Flex type to represent any FlexBuffers
  • Secondary indexes based on object properties
  • Async API for asynchronous puts, inserts, updates, removes
  • Optimized for time series data (TS edition only)
  • Data synchronization across the network (sync edition only)

Usage and Installation

In most cases you want to use the C and C++ APIs in combination with the ObjectBox Generator tool. This way, you get a convenient C or C++ API which requires minimal code on your side to work with the database.

The APIs come as single header file for C and C++:

  • C: [include/objectbox.h](include/objectbox.h)
  • C++: [include/objectbox.hpp](include/objectbox.hpp) (depends on objectbox.h)

Compile your code against it and use the binary library (.so, .dylib, .dll depending on the platform) to link against. Head over to ObjectBox C and C++ installation docs for step-by-step instructions.

C++ API

The C++ API is built on top of the C API exposed by the library (e.g. you still need objectbox.h). You can also use both APIs from your code if necessary. For example, you use the C++ obx::Box class for most database operations, but "break out" into the C API for a special function you need.
Note that to use the obx::Box class, you also need the ObjectBox Generator to generate binding code. Find more details how to use it the Getting started section of the docs.

Examples

Have a look at the following TaskList example apps, depending on your programming language and preference:

  • [C, cursor, no generated code](examples/c-cursor-no-gen) - plain C; using flatcc directly; without any generated code
  • [C, with generated code](examples/c-gen) - plain C, using code generated by objectbox-generator
  • [C++, with generated code](examples/cpp-gen) - C++, using code generated by objectbox-generator
    • also includes sync client application example

Documentation

  • C and C++ docs - official ObjectBox C and C++ documentation
  • [include/objectbox.h](include/objectbox.h) - C API header file contains docs as code comments
  • [include/objectbox.hpp](include/objectbox.hpp) - C++ API header file contains docs as code comments
  • C and C++ API reference docs - online HTML docs (Doxygen)

Current state / Changelog

The C API is a thin wrapper around a robust DB core, which is version 3.x and already used on millions of devices.

Beta notice: the C API will become stable starting from version 1.0. Until then, API improvements may result in breaking changes. For example, functions may still be renamed.

[Changelog](CHANGELOG.md): If you update from a previous version, please check the [changelog](CHANGELOG.md). Besides new features, there may be breaking changes requiring modifications to your code.

Supported platforms:

  • Linux 64-bit
  • Linux ARMv6hf (e.g. Raspberry PI Zero)
  • Linux ARMv7hf (e.g. Raspberry PI 3/4)
  • Linux ARMv8/AArch64 (e.g. Raspberry PI 3/4 with a 64 bit OS like Ubuntu)
  • MacOS 64-bit
  • Windows 32-bit
  • Windows 64-bit

C API as the Foundation for Higher Languages

The plain C API (without the Generator) also serves as a basis for ObjectBox bindings in higher languages. For example, the official APIs for Go, Swift, Dart/Flutter and Python rely on the C API. In the same way, you could create an ObjectBox API for another programming language, e.g. for JavaScript. For the C API, data consists of bytes representing FlatBuffers tables, which you can build and read in your language of choice.

Other languages/bindings

ObjectBox supports multiple platforms and languages. Besides C/C++, ObjectBox also offers:

How can I help ObjectBox?

Let us know what you love, what you don’t, what do you want to see next?

We're looking forward to receiving your comments and requests:

  • Add GitHub issues
  • Upvote issues you find important by hitting the 👍/+1 reaction button
  • Drop us a line via @ObjectBox_io
  • ⭐ us, if you like what you see

Thank you! 🙏

Keep in touch: For general news on ObjectBox, check our blog!

License

Copyright 2018-2022 ObjectBox Ltd. All rights reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the ObjectBox C/C++ database README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.