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Description

Rapidcsv is a C++ header-only library for CSV parsing. While the name admittedly was inspired by the rapidjson project, the objectives are not the same. The goal of rapidcsv is to be an easy-to-use CSV library enabling rapid development. For optimal performance (be it CPU or memory usage) a CSV parser implemented for the specific use-case is likely to be more performant.

Programming language: C++
License: BSD 3-clause "New" or "Revised" License
Tags: C++11     Header Only     Cross-platform     Library     CSV     Parser     CSV Parser    

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README

Rapidcsv

Linux Mac Windows
Linux macOS Windows

Rapidcsv is a C++ header-only library for CSV parsing. While the name admittedly was inspired by the rapidjson project, the objectives are not the same. The goal of rapidcsv is to be an easy-to-use CSV library enabling rapid development. For optimal performance (be it CPU or memory usage) a CSV parser implemented for the specific use-case is likely to be more performant.

Example Usage

Here is a simple example reading a CSV file and getting 'Close' column as a vector of floats.

[colhdr.csv](examples/colhdr.csv) content:

    Open,High,Low,Close,Volume,Adj Close
    64.529999,64.800003,64.139999,64.620003,21705200,64.620003
    64.419998,64.730003,64.190002,64.620003,20235200,64.620003
    64.330002,64.389999,64.050003,64.360001,19259700,64.360001
    64.610001,64.949997,64.449997,64.489998,19384900,64.489998
    64.470001,64.690002,64.300003,64.620003,21234600,64.620003

[ex001.cpp](examples/ex001.cpp) content:

    #include <iostream>
    #include <vector>
    #include "rapidcsv.h"

    int main()
    {
      rapidcsv::Document doc("examples/colhdr.csv");

      std::vector<float> col = doc.GetColumn<float>("Close");
      std::cout << "Read " << col.size() << " values." << std::endl;
    }

Refer to section More Examples below for more examples. The [tests](tests/) directory also contains many simple usage examples.

Supported Platforms

Rapidcsv is implemented using C++11 with the intention of being portable. It's been tested on:

  • macOS Big Sur 11.0
  • Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
  • Windows 10 / Visual Studio 2019

Installation

Simply copy src/rapidcsv.h to your project/include directory and include it.

More Examples

Several of the following examples are also provided in the examples/ directory and can be executed directly under Linux and macOS. Example running ex001.cpp:

    ./examples/ex001.cpp

Reading a File with Column and Row Headers

By default rapidcsv treats the first row as column headers, and the first column is treated as data. This allows accessing columns using their labels, but not rows or cells (only using indices). In order to treat the first column as row headers one needs to use LabelParams and set pRowNameIdx to 0.

Column and Row Headers

[colrowhdr.csv](examples/colrowhdr.csv) content:

    Date,Open,High,Low,Close,Volume,Adj Close
    2017-02-24,64.529999,64.800003,64.139999,64.620003,21705200,64.620003
    2017-02-23,64.419998,64.730003,64.190002,64.620003,20235200,64.620003
    2017-02-22,64.330002,64.389999,64.050003,64.360001,19259700,64.360001
    2017-02-21,64.610001,64.949997,64.449997,64.489998,19384900,64.489998
    2017-02-17,64.470001,64.690002,64.300003,64.620003,21234600,64.620003

[ex002.cpp](examples/ex002.cpp) content:

    #include <iostream>
    #include <vector>
    #include "rapidcsv.h"

    int main()
    {
      rapidcsv::Document doc("examples/colrowhdr.csv", rapidcsv::LabelParams(0, 0));

      std::vector<float> close = doc.GetRow<float>("2017-02-22");
      std::cout << "Read " << close.size() << " values." << std::endl;

      long long volume = doc.GetCell<long long>("Volume", "2017-02-22");
      std::cout << "Volume " << volume << " on 2017-02-22." << std::endl;
    }

Row Headers Only

[rowhdr.csv](examples/rowhdr.csv) content:

    2017-02-24,64.529999,64.800003,64.139999,64.620003,21705200,64.620003
    2017-02-23,64.419998,64.730003,64.190002,64.620003,20235200,64.620003
    2017-02-22,64.330002,64.389999,64.050003,64.360001,19259700,64.360001
    2017-02-21,64.610001,64.949997,64.449997,64.489998,19384900,64.489998
    2017-02-17,64.470001,64.690002,64.300003,64.620003,21234600,64.620003

[ex003.cpp](examples/ex003.cpp) content:

    #include <iostream>
    #include <vector>
    #include "rapidcsv.h"

    int main()
    {
      rapidcsv::Document doc("examples/rowhdr.csv", rapidcsv::LabelParams(-1, 0));

      std::vector<std::string> row = doc.GetRow<std::string>("2017-02-22");
      std::cout << "Read " << row.size() << " values." << std::endl;
    }

No Headers

[nohdr.csv](examples/nohdr.csv) content:

    64.529999,64.800003,64.139999,64.620003,21705200,64.620003
    64.419998,64.730003,64.190002,64.620003,20235200,64.620003
    64.330002,64.389999,64.050003,64.360001,19259700,64.360001
    64.610001,64.949997,64.449997,64.489998,19384900,64.489998
    64.470001,64.690002,64.300003,64.620003,21234600,64.620003

[ex004.cpp](examples/ex004.cpp) content:

    #include <iostream>
    #include <vector>
    #include "rapidcsv.h"

    int main()
    {
      rapidcsv::Document doc("examples/nohdr.csv", rapidcsv::LabelParams(-1, -1));

      std::vector<float> close = doc.GetColumn<float>(5);
      std::cout << "Read " << close.size() << " values." << std::endl;

      long long volume = doc.GetCell<long long>(4, 2);
      std::cout << "Volume " << volume << " on 2017-02-22." << std::endl;
    }

Reading a File with Custom Separator

For reading of files with custom separator (i.e. not comma), one need to specify the SeparatorParams argument. The following example reads a file using semi-colon as separator.

[semi.csv](examples/semi.csv) content:

    Date;Open;High;Low;Close;Volume;Adj Close
    2017-02-24;64.529999;64.800003;64.139999;64.620003;21705200;64.620003
    2017-02-23;64.419998;64.730003;64.190002;64.620003;20235200;64.620003
    2017-02-22;64.330002;64.389999;64.050003;64.360001;19259700;64.360001
    2017-02-21;64.610001;64.949997;64.449997;64.489998;19384900;64.489998
    2017-02-17;64.470001;64.690002;64.300003;64.620003;21234600;64.620003

[ex005.cpp](examples/ex005.cpp) content:

    #include <iostream>
    #include <vector>
    #include "rapidcsv.h"

    int main()
    {
      rapidcsv::Document doc("examples/semi.csv", rapidcsv::LabelParams(0, 0),
                             rapidcsv::SeparatorParams(';'));

      std::vector<float> close = doc.GetColumn<float>("Close");
      std::cout << "Read " << close.size() << " values." << std::endl;

      long long volume = doc.GetCell<long long>("Volume", "2017-02-22");
      std::cout << "Volume " << volume << " on 2017-02-22." << std::endl;
    }

Supported Get/Set Data Types

The internal cell representation in the Document class is using std::string and when other types are requested, standard conversion routines are used. All standard conversions are relatively straight-forward, with the exception of char for which rapidcsv interprets the cell's (first) byte as a character. The following example illustrates the supported data types.

[colrowhdr.csv](examples/colrowhdr.csv) content:

    Date,Open,High,Low,Close,Volume,Adj Close
    2017-02-24,64.529999,64.800003,64.139999,64.620003,21705200,64.620003
    2017-02-23,64.419998,64.730003,64.190002,64.620003,20235200,64.620003
    2017-02-22,64.330002,64.389999,64.050003,64.360001,19259700,64.360001
    2017-02-21,64.610001,64.949997,64.449997,64.489998,19384900,64.489998
    2017-02-17,64.470001,64.690002,64.300003,64.620003,21234600,64.620003

[ex006.cpp](examples/ex006.cpp) content:

    #include <iostream>
    #include <vector>
    #include "rapidcsv.h"

    int main()
    {
      rapidcsv::Document doc("examples/colrowhdr.csv", rapidcsv::LabelParams(0, 0));

      std::cout << doc.GetCell<std::string>("Volume", "2017-02-22") << std::endl;
      std::cout << doc.GetCell<int>("Volume", "2017-02-22") << std::endl;
      std::cout << doc.GetCell<long>("Volume", "2017-02-22") << std::endl;
      std::cout << doc.GetCell<long long>("Volume", "2017-02-22") << std::endl;
      std::cout << doc.GetCell<unsigned>("Volume", "2017-02-22") << std::endl;
      std::cout << doc.GetCell<unsigned long>("Volume", "2017-02-22") << std::endl;
      std::cout << doc.GetCell<unsigned long long>("Volume", "2017-02-22") << std::endl;
      std::cout << doc.GetCell<float>("Volume", "2017-02-22") << std::endl;
      std::cout << doc.GetCell<double>("Volume", "2017-02-22") << std::endl;
      std::cout << doc.GetCell<long double>("Volume", "2017-02-22") << std::endl;
      std::cout << doc.GetCell<char>("Volume", "2017-02-22") << std::endl;
    }

Global Custom Data Type Conversion

One may override conversion routines (or add new ones) by implementing ToVal() and/or ToStr(). Below is an example overriding int conversion, to instead provide two decimal fixed-point numbers. Also see tests/test035.cpp for a test overriding ToVal() and ToStr().

[ex008.cpp](examples/ex008.cpp) content:

    #include <iostream>
    #include <vector>
    #include "rapidcsv.h"

    namespace rapidcsv
    {
      template<>
      void Converter<int>::ToVal(const std::string& pStr, int& pVal) const
      {
        pVal = static_cast<int>(roundf(100.0f * std::stof(pStr)));
      }
    }

    int main()
    {
      rapidcsv::Document doc("examples/colrowhdr.csv", rapidcsv::LabelParams(0, 0));

      std::vector<int> close = doc.GetColumn<int>("Close");
      std::cout << "close[0]  = " << close[0] << std::endl;
      std::cout << "close[1]  = " << close[1] << std::endl;
    }

Custom Data Type Conversion Per Call

It is also possible to override conversions on a per-call basis, enabling more flexibility. This is illustrated in the following example. Additional conversion override usage can be found in the test tests/test063.cpp

[ex009.cpp](examples/ex009.cpp) content:

    #include <iostream>
    #include <vector>
    #include "rapidcsv.h"

    void ConvFixPoint(const std::string& pStr, int& pVal)
    {
      pVal = static_cast<int>(roundf(100.0f * std::stof(pStr)));
    }

    struct MyStruct
    {
      int val = 0;
    };

    void ConvMyStruct(const std::string& pStr, MyStruct& pVal)
    {
      pVal.val = static_cast<int>(roundf(100.0f * std::stof(pStr)));
    }

    int main()
    {
      rapidcsv::Document doc("examples/colrowhdr.csv", rapidcsv::LabelParams(0, 0));

      std::cout << "regular         = " << doc.GetCell<int>("Close", "2017-02-21") << "\n";
      std::cout << "fixpointfunc    = " << doc.GetCell<int>("Close", "2017-02-21", ConvFixPoint) << "\n";

      auto convFixLambda = [](const std::string& pStr, int& pVal) { pVal = static_cast<int>(roundf(100.0f * stof(pStr))); };
      std::cout << "fixpointlambda  = " << doc.GetCell<int>("Close", "2017-02-21", convFixLambda) << "\n";

      std::cout << "mystruct        = " << doc.GetCell<MyStruct>("Close", "2017-02-21", ConvMyStruct).val << "\n";
    }

Reading CSV Data from a Stream or String

In addition to specifying a filename, rapidcsv supports constructing a Document from a stream and, indirectly through stringstream, from a string. Here is a simple example reading CSV data from a string:

[ex007.cpp](examples/ex007.cpp) content:

    #include <iostream>
    #include <vector>
    #include "rapidcsv.h"

    int main()
    {
      const std::string& csv =
        "Date,Open,High,Low,Close,Volume,Adj Close\n"
        "2017-02-24,64.529999,64.800003,64.139999,64.620003,21705200,64.620003\n"
        "2017-02-23,64.419998,64.730003,64.190002,64.620003,20235200,64.620003\n"
        "2017-02-22,64.330002,64.389999,64.050003,64.360001,19259700,64.360001\n"
        "2017-02-21,64.610001,64.949997,64.449997,64.489998,19384900,64.489998\n"
        "2017-02-17,64.470001,64.690002,64.300003,64.620003,21234600,64.620003\n"
        ;

      std::stringstream sstream(csv);
      rapidcsv::Document doc(sstream, rapidcsv::LabelParams(0, 0));

      std::vector<float> close = doc.GetColumn<float>("Close");
      std::cout << "Read " << close.size() << " values." << std::endl;

      long long volume = doc.GetCell<long long>("Volume", "2017-02-22");
      std::cout << "Volume " << volume << " on 2017-02-22." << std::endl;
    }

Reading a File with Invalid Numbers (e.g. Empty Cells) as Numeric Data

By default rapidcsv throws an exception if one tries to access non-numeric data as a numeric data type, as it basically propagates the underlying conversion routines' exceptions to the calling application.

The reason for this is to ensure data correctness. If one wants to be able to read data with invalid numbers as numeric data types, one can use ConverterParams to configure the converter to default to a numeric value. The value is configurable and by default it's std::numeric_limits::signaling_NaN() for float types, and 0 for integer types. Example:

    rapidcsv::Document doc("file.csv", rapidcsv::LabelParams(),
                           rapidcsv::SeparatorParams(),
                           rapidcsv::ConverterParams(true));

Check if a Column Exists

Rapidcsv provides the methods GetColumnNames() and GetRowNames() to retrieve the column and row names. To check whether a particular column name exists one can for example do:

    rapidcsv::Document doc("file.csv");
    std::vector<std::string> columnNames = doc.GetColumnNames();
    bool columnExists =
      (std::find(columnNames.begin(), columnNames.end(), "A") != columnNames.end());

Handling Quoted Cells

By default rapidcsv automatically dequotes quoted cells (i.e. removes the encapsulating " characters from "example quoted cell"). This functionality may be disabled by passing pAutoQuote = false in SeparatorParams, example:

    rapidcsv::Document doc("file.csv", rapidcsv::LabelParams(),
                           rapidcsv::SeparatorParams(',' /* pSeparator */, 
                                                     false /* pTrim */, 
                                                     rapidcsv::sPlatformHasCR /* pHasCR */,
                                                     false /* pQuotedLinebreaks */, 
                                                     false /* pAutoQuote */));

Skipping Empty and Comment Lines

Rapidcsv reads all lines by default, but may be called to ignore comment lines starting with a specific character, example:

    rapidcsv::Document doc("file.csv", rapidcsv::LabelParams(), rapidcsv::SeparatorParams(),
                           rapidcsv::ConverterParams(),
                           rapidcsv::LineReaderParams(true /* pSkipCommentLines */,
                                                      '#' /* pCommentPrefix */));

Using LineReaderParams it is also possible to skip empty lines, example:

    rapidcsv::Document doc("file.csv", rapidcsv::LabelParams(), rapidcsv::SeparatorParams(),
                           rapidcsv::ConverterParams(),
                           rapidcsv::LineReaderParams(false /* pSkipCommentLines */,
                                                      '#' /* pCommentPrefix */,
                                                      true /* pSkipEmptyLines */));

UTF-16 and UTF-8

Rapidcsv's preferred encoding for non-ASCII text is UTF-8. UTF-16 LE and UTF-16 BE can be read and written by rapidcsv on systems where codecvt header is present. Define HAS_CODECVT before including rapidcsv.h in order to enable the functionality. Rapidcsv unit tests automatically detects the presence of codecvt and sets HAS_CODECVT as needed, see [CMakeLists.txt](CMakeLists.txt) for reference. When enabled, the UTF-16 encoding of any loaded file is automatically detected.

CMake FetchContent

Rapidcsv may be included in a CMake project using FetchContent. Refer to the [CMake FetchContent Example Project](examples/cmake-fetchcontent) and in particular its [CMakeLists.txt](examples/cmake-fetchcontent/CMakeLists.txt).

API Documentation

The following classes makes up the Rapidcsv interface:

  • [class rapidcsv::Document](doc/rapidcsv_Document.md)
  • [class rapidcsv::LabelParams](doc/rapidcsv_LabelParams.md)
  • [class rapidcsv::SeparatorParams](doc/rapidcsv_SeparatorParams.md)
  • [class rapidcsv::ConverterParams](doc/rapidcsv_ConverterParams.md)
  • [class rapidcsv::LineReaderParams](doc/rapidcsv_LineReaderParams.md)
  • [class rapidcsv::no_converter](doc/rapidcsv_no_converter.md)
  • [class rapidcsv::Converter< T >](doc/rapidcsv_Converter.md)

Technical Details

Rapidcsv uses cmake for its tests. Commands to build and execute the test suite:

mkdir -p build && cd build && cmake -DRAPIDCSV_BUILD_TESTS=ON .. && make && ctest -C unit --output-on-failure && ctest -C perf --verbose ; cd -

Rapidcsv uses doxygenmd to generate its Markdown API documentation:

doxygenmd src doc

Rapidcsv uses Uncrustify to ensure consistent code formatting:

uncrustify -c uncrustify.cfg --no-backup src/rapidcsv.h

Alternatives

There are many CSV parsers for C++, for example:

License

Rapidcsv is distributed under the BSD 3-Clause license. See LICENSE file.

Contributions

Bugs, PRs, etc are welcome on the GitHub project page https://github.com/d99kris/rapidcsv

Keywords

c++, c++11, csv parser, comma separated values, single header library.


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the Rapidcsv README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.